Fundamentals of
Dental Education

COURSE OUTLINE

The Dean Vaughn Total Retention System® applied to Fundamentals of Dental Education is designed to be the fastest and most effective method to teach the most used Greek and Latin medical word parts used in the practice of dentistry, as well as the anatomical names and locations of the teeth, mouth, and throat, supporting structures of the teeth, and dental nomenclature. It works in conjunction with the natural learning process of the brain by converting dental terminology and anatomy into images of real and familiar objects that make it incredibly easy to learn and remember program content.

MATERIALS

Fundamentals of Dental Education consists of the following components:

  • Ten lessons of video instruction.
  • Facilitator Resource.
  • Student Learning Guide.

MATERIALS

As active learners in Fundamentals of Dental Education, leaners will be expected to:

  • Complete the Pre-test to establish a basis for measuring individual accomplishment
  • View and carefully participate (i.e., pronouncing the dental term, location or anatomical part, audionym and meaning along with the narrator, visualizing the audionym and its association) in the video presentation for each lesson
  • Complete all associated learning guide activities for each lesson
  • Perform a final review of dental terminology, anatomy, and nomenclature.

OBJECTIVES

On completion of Fundamentals of Dental Education learners will be able to:

  • Identify the structure of dental terminology and recognize word roots, prefixes, suffixes, and combining forms
  • Understand that the meaning of most complex dental/medical terms is derived by analysis of simpler components or word parts
  • Identify the anatomical names and locations of the teeth, supporting structures, and parts of the mouth and throat
  • Understand dental nomenclature and identify the numbering of teeth
  • Complete a final test and achieve a percentage score of 70 percent or better

LESSON 1―INTRODUCTION & DENTAL TERMINOLOGY

View Lesson 1 Video Presentation

  • Introduction to the Dean Vaughn Total Retention System™
  • Structure of medical terminology
  • Combining vowels and forms
  • Dental Terminology – Prefixes, Roots, and Suffixes

gingiv-

-ectomy

odont-

alveol-

-algia

-itis

path-

-ology

dent-

lingu-

or-

peri-

micr-

arthr-

-ologist

cyst

hyper-

sub-

trans-

-trophy

Perform Lesson 1 Review – including Learning Guide Exercises

LESSON 1―INTRODUCTION & DENTAL TERMINOLOGY

View Lesson 2 Video Presentation

  • Dental Terminology – Prefixes, Roots, and Suffixes

pre-

labi-

gloss-

-osis

bucc-

auto-

cervic-

odyn

traum-

neo-

later-

-desis

calc-

antr-

-plast

otomy-

ost-

-vulse

stom-

top-

Perform Lesson 2 Review – including Learning Guide Exercises

LESSON 3―DENTAL TERMINOLOGY

View Lesson 3 Video Presentation

  • Dental Terminology – Prefixes, Roots, and Suffixes

macr-

macro-

ab-

vestibul-

radi-

gen-

fistul-

ex-

cut-

end-

benign

inter-

-lysis

myel-

-an-, a-

centesis-

gemin-

hemi-

grad-

intra-

Perform Lesson 3 Review – including Learning Guide Exercises

LESSON 4―DENTAL TERMINOLOGY

View Lesson 4 Video Presentation

  • Dental Terminology – Prefixes, Roots, and Suffixes

ante-

cephal-

dys-

hypo-

infra-

mall-

gram-

esthesia

malign-

lith-

retro-

radic-

en-

ostomy-

sinus

physio-

pro-

post-

-plasia

-pexy

Perform Lesson 4 Review – including Learning Guide Exercises

LESSON 5―TOOTH ANATOMY / PARTS OF A TOOTH

View Lesson 5 Video Presentation

  • Important Words / Elements

-ist

-al

apic-, apex

pulp

 

  • Anatomy of a Tooth / What a Tooth Looks Like

enamel

cementum

dentin

pulp cavity

neck, cervical line

root canal

pulp canal

root, radic

crown, coron

pulp chamber

apex, apic

 

 

 

 

Perform Lesson 5 Review – including Learning Guide Exercises

LESSON 6―SUPPORTING STRUCTURES OF THE TEETH

View Lesson 6 Video Presentation

  • Important Words / Elements

lig-

-ment

mandible

condyle

menisc-

  • Supporting Structures of the Tooth

mandible

condyle

temporal

menisc-

zygomatic/malar

maxilla

ligament

gingiva

alveolar bone

meniscus

sinus/antrum

alveolus

 

 

 

Perform Lesson 6 Review – including Learning Guide Exercises

LESSON 7―DENTAL TERMINOLOGY

View Lesson 7 Video Presentation

  • Important Words / Elements

fren-

palat

sial-

doch-

parotid

  • Anatomy of the Mouth and Throat

labial

oral cavity

buccal

lingu-

gloss

palate (hard)

frenula

vestibule

velum

palate (soft)

larynx

pharynx

trachea

parotid duct

sub-mandibular gland

sub-lingual

  gland

parotid gland

sub-mandibular duct

 

Perform Lesson 7 Review – including Learning Guide Exercises

LESSON 8―PREFIXES USED IN DENTAL TERMINOLOGY

View Lesson 8 Video Presentation

  • Prefixes

uni-

bi-

tri-

quadr-

 

  • Important Words / Elements

quadrant

sext-

sextant

hemi-

semi-

pan-

ante-

pro-

pre-

post-

retro-

hyper-

hypo-

non-

sub-

peri-

periapical

periodontal

intra-

im-, in-

end-

intraoral

intracoronal

endodontist

implant

impaction

ex-

exostosis

extra oral

anesthesia

Perform Lesson 8 Review – including Learning Guide Exercises

LESSON 9―DENTAL PHYSIOLOGY – FUNCTION OF THE TEETH AND THE SUPPORTING STRUCTURES

View Lesson 9 Video Presentation

  • Important Words / Elements

gnath-

occlud-, occlus

cid-

de-

menisc-

  • Dental Physiology

temporo-mandibular joint

occlusal function

pharynx

pulp cavity

vestibule

oral cavity

larynx

alveolus

antrum

dental arch

alveolar arch

lingual arch

palatal arch

dentition

 

Perform Lesson 9 Review – including Learning Guide Exercises

LESSON 10―THE TEETH: DENTITION

View Lesson 10 Video Presentation

  • Important Words

lig-

-ment

mandible

condyle

menisc-

  • The Teeth: Dentition

permanent

  dentition

mixed

  dentition

deciduous

  dentition

 

 

 

 

 

  • The Teeth: Names and Locations (Permanent Dentition)

canine,

  cuspid

incisor

  (central)

1st molar

1st pre-molar,

  1st bi-cuspid

2nd pre-molar, 2nd

  bi-cuspid

2nd molar

incisor (lateral)

3rd molar, wisdom tooth

 

 

  • The Teeth: Numbers, Letters, and Locations
  • The Teeth: Identified by Groups

quadrant

anterior

  teeth

posterior

  teeth

 

 

  • The Teeth: Surfaces

proximal

lingual

labial

buccal

mesial

distal

 

 

 

 

Perform Lesson 10 Review – including Learning Guide Exercises

CONCLUSION

  • Perform complete Fundamentals of Dental Education review
  • Final Test

 

SAMPLE GROUP REVIEW QUESTIONS

  • The following questions are provided to reflect the range of material covered throughout Fundamentals of Dental Education and as an additional resource to instructors (i.e., course planning and implementation, grant proposals).

    Q

    What are the basic word parts of elements that form most medical terms used in the practice of dentistry?

    A

    The three basic word parts or elements are the prefix, root, and suffix.

    Q

    In medical terminology, what primary purpose does the combining vowel serve?

    A

    The combining vowel is primarily used between two or more elements of a medical term to make the term easier to pronounce.

    Q

    Name the branch of dentistry that is the study of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth and specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and maintenance of the function and health of the tissue?

    A

    The branch of dentistry concerned about the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth and specializing in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and maintenance of the health and function of the tissue is periodontics.

    Q

    What is the pulp of a tooth?

    A

    The pulp of a tooth is the juicy tissue contained within the pulp chamber at the center of the tooth.

    Q

    Identify and describe the three parts of a tooth?

    A

    The three parts of a tooth are the crown, root, and cementum. The crown represents the largest part of the tooth that is visible. The root (or roots) are the foundation of the tooth that is below the gumline. The cementum is the layer of hard, protective tissue that covers the outer surface of  outer surface of the root(s).

    Q

    Identify and describe enamel?

    A

    The enamel of a tooth is the very hard, bone-like covering of the crown of the tooth.

    Q

    What is the medical term for the cheekbone?

    A

    The medical term for the cheekbone is the zygomatic bone or zygomatic malar.

    Q

    Identify four types of teeth?

    A

    ·         Incisors

    ·         Canines

    ·         Premolars

    ·         Molars

    Q

    What is the primary function of molars?

    A

    The molars are also used primarily for chewing and grinding food.

    Q

    How many incisors does the adult human have? Where are they located?

    A

    The adult human has eight incisors. They are located at the front of the mouth – two on each side, top and bottom.

    Q

    How many teeth does the normal adult mouth have?

    A

    The normal adult mouth has 32 teeth.

     

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