HEALTH SCIENCE ONLINE

COURSE OUTLINE

The Dean Vaughn Total Retention System® applied to Foundations of Health Science is designed to be the fastest and most effective method to teach medical terminology through the exploration of basic human anatomy. It works in conjunction with the natural learning process of the brain by converting abstract medical word elements into images of real and familiar objects that make it incredibly easy to learn and remember program content. This fully online and interactive course teaches the names and locations of all the major parts in each principal body system including structure, basic function, common diseases and disorders, associative medical terminology, and universal medical terminology.

MATERIALS

Foundations of Health Science consists of the following components:
• Educator Resource – Single use licenses with access to course content and Boost
Dashboard (i.e., monitors leaner progress and grades, provides feedback)
• Learner Course – Single use license with access to course content

ASSIGNMENTS

As active learners in Foundations of Health Science, learners will be expected to:
• Complete the Pre-test to establish a basis for measuring individual accomplishment
• View and carefully participate (i.e., pronouncing the medical and anatomical information
along with the narrator; visualizing the audionym and its association) in the video
presentation for each lesson
• Complete all associated, lesson-based learning activities and reading assignments
• Perform a final review of medical terminology and basic human anatomy (including
associated medical terminology) content
• Complete the Final Test to assess knowledge and understanding of health science
foundations

OBJECTIVES

On completion of Foundations of Health Science leaners will be able to:
• Identify the structure of medical terminology and recognize word roots, prefixes, suffixes,
and combining forms
• Understand that the meaning of most complex medical terms is derived by analysis of
simpler components or word parts
• Understand the terminology and fundamental concepts of basic human anatomy
• Identify the structures of the human body – including anatomical positions, body planes,
abdominopelvic quadrants, regional subdivisions, and body cavities – through concepts of
organ and system structure
• Identify the names and locations of all the major parts in each principal body system
including all 206 bones of the skeletal system and the structures of the eye and the ear
• Understand the primary functions of each principal body system
• Complete a final test and achieve a percentage score of 70 percent or better

INTRODUCTION

The Dean Vaughn Total Retention System®
• Importance of the Learning Activities
• Important Definitions
medical term element prefix
Root word terminal combining vowel
combining form
• Review Activity

MODULE 2 – MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

Basic Structure of Medical Terminology
• Suffix Elements
-itis -osis -malacia -megal -algia
-oma -plast -path -ologist -ology
-penia -spasm -oid -scop -gram
-otomy -ostopy -ectomy -lysis -rrhexis
-desis -trophy -ptosis -dyn -rraphy
-emesis -ectasis -esthesia -pexy -cele
-asthenia -tope -crine -plegia -rrhag
-rrhe -acusis -phil -ptysis -stasis
• Prefix Elements
a- an- auto- bi- bradydys- hemi- hyper- hypo- interintra- multi- peri- poly- postpre- quad- retro- semi- sub-
• Overcoming Problems of Literal Interpretations
• Review Activities

MODULE 3 – ANATOMICAL TERMS, LOCATION & DIRECTION

Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology
• Anatomical Location
cranial cephal caudal superior inferior
epihypo- proximal distal ventral anterior
dorsal posterior lateral renal chondraxillary brachial inguinal cubital popliteal
pulmonary viscera
• Anatomical Direction & Location
anatomical position body planes midsaggital plane
saggital plane horizontal plane frontal plane
lumbar unbilical iliac
abdominopelvic area quadrants epigastric region
hypochondriac region thoracic abdominal
pelvic abdominopelvic cavity ventral cavity
dorsal cavity
• Medical Elements Associated with Anatomical Direction & Location
intra- inter- infra- capit- cauinfer- cata- cata-
• Review Activities

MODULE 4 – THE SKELETAL SYSTEM

Learn 25 medical elements
lobo- brady- -esthesia benign melan-
-emesis -ectasis cantho- semen caudacontra- cyt- steno- celio- lingua-
-iasis odont- cheil- erythro- myringtrans- leuk- -cele vaso- spondyl-

MODULE 5 – THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM

Basic Function & Structure of the Muscular System
o Muscle fibers
o Types of muscles
o Movements performed by muscles
• How Muscles are Named
my- myo- direction
location size number
shape origin; insertion action
rectus transverse oblique
longus brevis major
minor maximus minimus
biceps triceps quadriceps
• Muscles Named by Action
flexor extensor abductor
adductor levator depressor
supinator pronator dorsiflexor
plantar flexor invertor evertor
sphincter tensor rotator
• Diseases & Disorders of the Muscular System
• Associated Medical Elements
burso- facia- cine- vuls- tensspas- ton- lig-
• Review Activities

MODULE 6 – THE INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM

Basic Function & Structure of the Integumentary System
o Skin layers
o Skin color
• Major Structures of the Integumentary System
dermat- cutis- skin
epidermis dermis hypodermis
hair shaft root
hair follicle
sebaceous glands sweat glands
nail body free edge nail root
nail bed
• Diseases & Disorders of the Integumentary System
• Associated Medical Elements
cut- pil- trich- onych- adiplip- pilo- squam- fistul- collategument- sarc-
• Review Activities

MODULE 7 – THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

Basic Function & Structure of the Cardiovascular System
o Diastole, systole & electrical impulses
o Blood
• Major Structures of the Cardiovascular System
atrium ventricle chambers
blood vessels artery arteriole
capillary venule vein
pulmon aorta vena cava
• How Arteries and Veins are Names
coronary carotid jugular
saphenous
• Diseases & Disorders of the Cardiovascular System
• Associated Medical Elements
pyle- phleb- thromb- lien- artersplen-
• Review Activities

MODULE 8 – THE LYMPHATIC SYSTEM

Basic Function & Structure of the Lymphatic System
• Major Parts of the Lymphatic System
vessels nodes tonsils
thymus spleen cervic
axillary inguinal spleen
thymus tonsils
• Diseases & Disorders of the Lymphatic System
• Associated Medical Elements
lymph- myel- leuk- cyt- erythredema
• Review Activities

MODULE 9 – THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

Basic Function & Structure of the Respiratory System
• The Process of Breathing
o External respiration
o Internal respiration
o Cellular respiration
• Major Parts of the Respiratory System
lungs nose mouth
pharynx larynx trachea
bronchi bronchioles
• Diseases & Disorders of the Respiratory System
• Associated Medical Elements
rhin- pneum- thorac- spir- pectsinus- sept- alveol- peri- phonia-
• Review Activities

MODULE 10 – THE NERVOUS SYSTEM

Basic Function & Structure of the Nervous System
o Central nervous system
o Peripheral nervous system
o Neurons
o Sympathetic & parasympathetic nervous system
• Major Parts of the Nervous System
o Central Nervous System
cerebellum cerebrum thalamus
hypothalamus midbrain pons
medulla brain stem spinal cord
white matter gray matter central canal
o Peripheral Nervous System
nerve plexuses afferent nerves efferent nerves
sympathetic nerves parasympathetic nerves sciatic nerve
somatic nervous system
• Diseases & Disorders of the Nervous System
• Associated Medical Elements
encephal- thalam- plexus- dendr- duraependym- gangli- rachi- neuro- plegia-
• Review Activities

MODULE 11 – THE SENSORY ORGANS (SPECIAL SENSES)

  • Basic Function & Structure of the Eye
    o Outer layer
    o Middle layer
    o Inner layer
    o Lens, aqueous & vitreous humor and conjunctiva
    • Major Parts of the Eyeball
    optic nerve sclera choroid
    retina posterior cavity lens
    suspensory ligament ciliary body conjunctiva
    pupil iris anterior cavity
    cornea aqueous humor vitreous humor
    • Basic Function & Structure of the Ear
    o External (Outer) Ear
    o Middle Ear
    o Inner Ear
    • Major Parts of the Ear
    external (outer) ear middle ear (tympanic cavity) internal (inner) ear
    pinna auditory canal tympanic membrane
    vestibule cochlea semi-circular canals
    • Diseases & Disorders of the Sensory Organs
    • Associated Medical Elements
    lacrim- audi- aur- myring- ot-
    • Review Activities

MODULE 12 – THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

  • Basic Function & Structure of the Endocrine System
    o Pituitary gland
    o Thyroid gland
    o Adrenal gland
    o Insulin & glucagon
    • Glands of the Endocrine System
    hypothalamus pituitary pineal
    thyroid parathyroids adrenals
    ovaries testes pancreas
    • Diseases & Disorders of the Endocrine System
    • Associated Medical Elements
    aden- hormone- thyro- adreno-
    • Review Activities

MODULE 13 – THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

  • Basic Function & Structure of the Digestive System
    • Major Parts of the Small & Large Intestine
    alimentary canal accessory organs esophagastr- enter- small intestine
    large intestine duodenum jejunum
    cecum colon sigmoid
    rectum anus pancreas
    hepat- cholecyst
    • Diseases & Disorders of the Digestive System
    • Associated Medical Elements
    stoma- bucco- ptyal- glycol- orbili- oment- peps- cheil-
    • Review Activities

MODULE 14 – THE URINARY SYSTEM

  • Basic Function & Structure of the Urinary System
    • Major Parts of the Urinary System
    kidneys ureters urinary bladder
    urethra
    • Diseases & Disorders of the Urinary System
    • Associated Medical Elements
    nephr- ureter urethra
    • Review Activities

MODULE 15 – THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

  • Basic Function & Structure of the Reproductive System
    o Male Reproductive System
    ▪ Testes
    ▪ Epididymis
    ▪ Seminal vesicles & prostate gland
    ▪ Penis
    o Female Reproductive System
    ▪ Ovaries
    ▪ Uterine Tubes
    ▪ Uterus
    ▪ Vagina
    ▪ Vulva
    ▪ Mammary Glands
    • Major Parts of the Reproductive System
    o Male Reproductive System
    testis scrotum penis
    glans penis seminal vesicle bulbourethral gland
    prostate gland epididymis ductus deferens
    ejaculatory duct prostatic urethra membranous urethra
    spongy urethra urethral orifice
    o Female Reproductive System
    ovaries uterine tube uterus
    cervix vagina clitoris
    labium minor labium major mammary glands

    Dean Vaughn FOUNDATIONS OF HEALTH SCIENCE Course Outline
    13
    Copyright © 2020 Peterson’s LLC. All rights reserved.
    • Diseases & Disorders of the Reproductive System
    • Associated Medical Elements
    orchi- lact- colp- oophor- part
    gravid- gyn- mamm- metr- thelsalpingo- umbillic- ovario- utero-
    • Review Activities

MODULE 15 – THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

  • Universal Elements
    steno- cheil- benign- melan- oncoviscero- sphenic- anti- myco- plasiarug- iso- malign- adnexa- laparment- somato- tracho- hypno- sclersept- scirr- antr- plak- alveolsedat- furca- radic- radi- metabolpariet- gemin- grad- calc- labimicr- phob- en- pro- mechanodynam- traumat- ameb- strict- turbinneo- therm- sym- ramus- panab- ante- ex- puer- prolimacro- lal- cryo- mal- glomsomni- pharmac- vert- eu- ambiamphi- clas- duct- fiss- gerheter- hom- sta- volv- splanchnmed- xer- per- blast- ducphren- ptyal- colla- osmo- lumboolfact- helio- histo- phage- tarso-
    • Review Activities
    • Supplemental Reading Assignment: Medical Terminology Used in the Description of
    Diseases
    • Supplemental Reading Assignment: Medical Terminology Used in Operative Procedures
    • Supplemental Reading Assignment: Familiar Medical Elements
    • Supplemental Reading Assignment: Common Medical Abbreviations

CONCLUSION

  • Conclusion to the Dean Vaughn Total Retention System® – Foundations of Health
    Science course

  • Final Test
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